The most recent estimates in Nigeria are 190.1 million people.

Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa with a population of over 190 million people. The country is expected to have a population of 340 million by 2050, which will make it the third most populous country in the world, overtaking Brazil and India.

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The Nigerian States are the primary administrative subdivisions of Nigeria. Nigeria is composed of thirty-six states, in addition to the Federal Capital Territory (FCT). The current federation consists of two distinct types of territory: states and federal territories. Nigeria has a total land area of 923,768 km2 (358,667 sq mi) and a population as given below;

Nigeria’s 36 states are divided into six geopolitical zones: Northern (10), North-East (6), North-West (5), Central (9), South-East (7) and South-West (4).

Each state has its own capital city, and some states share common boundaries with other states.

Nigeria is a country with diverse ethnic groups. There are over 500 ethnic groups in the country, each with its own traditions and cultures.

The essence of this guide is to discuss the largest states in Nigeria by land mass.

1. Niger

Niger State is the largest state in Nigeria by landmass, the state was named after River Niger.​ The Land Mass is 76363 km². That’s a lot even though it would not be enough for any other country without its own landmass. Additionally, the population is 3.9 million.

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Popular places are the State capital Minna, Suleja, and Bida Kotagora. Niger State came about in 1976 during the regime of Gen. Murtala Muhammed. There are several Ethnic groups in the State including Dukawa, Nupe, Gbayi, Kamuku, Kambari, Koro, etc. Other popular landmarks in Niger State are Kainji National park and Dam, Shiroro Dam, Borgu game reserve and more

2.Borno State

Borno State is one of the states in Nigeria with a total population of about 4,232,000. It has a land area of about 6,024 sq km and is bounded by Nigeria’s neighbours Kebbi State to the north, Niger State to the east and Cameroon to the west. Its capital is Maiduguri.

Borno state has a diverse range of places worth visiting from its impressive ancient relics found across its land such as Stone Circles in Bama and Jibiya among others which are open for public viewing in some parts while some other sites are restricted for access due to security reasons.

The state also offers a wide range of tourist attractions such as Lake Chad which is one of the world’s largest lakes shared between three countries namely Chad, Nigeria and Cameroon.

3. Taraba State

The Taraba state of Nigeria is one of the most populated states in Nigeria.

In June 2017, the population of Taraba state was estimated to be 2,521,842 and having a land mass of 54, 473 in Square kilometers. This makes it the third-largest state in Nigeria by land mass after Niger and Borno States.

Taraba state is situated in the central part of Nigeria, bordering Cameroon to its north and Chad to its west. The capital city of Taraba is Makurdi and it is from here that many people access major cities like Jos, Kano and Lagos.

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4. Kaduna state

Kaduna state in Nigeria is the largest northern state by population. Kaduna state’s capital city, Kaduna, is one of the fastest-growing cities in Nigeria. Most of the industries that are thriving in this city are pharmaceuticals, banking, agri-business, and oil& gas among others.

Kaduna state has 23 local governments, a land mass of 49,482 square kilometers and a population of 6,078,000. The capital city of Kaduna is located in the southwestern part of the state.

5. Bauchi State

Bauchi State is fifth-largest state in Nigeria in terms of landmass and population. The state has a landmass area of 45873 square kilometers a, home to 4.7 million people and has 20 local governments.

It used to be a part of Gombe until 1976. Bauchi state is also one of the most populous states in Nigeria, with its population estimated at over 15 million people.


Nigeria, together with many other nations, is facing a population boom. According to the United Nations, Nigeria is set to have the second-highest population in Africa by 2050. This is one of the most important topics that will have significant impacts on it’s country and its future.

Nigeria’s population boom poses a problem for both its society and economy. In 2016, The Economist’s Intelligence Unit ranked Nigeria 149th out of 215 countries for life expectancy at birth. That places it just ahead of Yemen and Rwanda. With such low life expectancy rates,

Nigeria is grappling with economic problems associated with high unemployment rates among young people, which could be a result of the rise in uncontrolled births.

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